Career Questions of Engineering, Defence, General | Complete Guide

In the first place, everyone has career questions in one’s mind. After all, we are the only one who needs to worry about our career. So, career guidance on time is very much needed. Here, I have listed important career questions below.

Career quesions guide

Career Questions (Defence)

#1. How to become a Pilot in IAF

Firstly, it is one of the usually asked career questions. To become a Pilot in IAF, you should be a 12th pass in Physics and Maths. Thereafter, you can apply for the NDA exam. Even, candidates appearing in the 12th class can apply for NDA. NDA stands for National Defence Academy. Then, you can apply for CDSE during and after graduation. CDSE stands for Combined Defence Services Examination.

Once you clear the written test, you must undergo an SSB interview. SSB stands for Service Selection Board. During the SSB interview, you must pass a Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT). If you qualify PABT test, you are screened in. Thereafter, you have to undergo the full SSB interview process. Once you pass SSB, you go for a Medical test. Finally, IAF issues the Merit List. Once you are in, you will go for training at the Air Force Academy.

#2. How can I join IAF?

IAF and UPSC conduct various tests. These tests are.

  • CDSE
  • NDA
  • AFCAT
  • EKT

Thereafter, you need to go for an SSB interview and medical test.

#3 Is Navy MR a good job?

The full form of Navy MR is Matric Recruitment. At the matric level, the Navy selects Sailors. It is your own choice whether you like defense life or not. Starting salary of Navy MR is about Rs.27000/- in hand.

Navy MR’s job description includes living on a ship, doing trade duties, etc. On the positive side, sailors often visit foreign countries. For a matric pass candidate, it is a very good career option.

#4. What jobs are there in the Defence sector for diploma holders?

Yes, as a diploma holder, you can join the defense. The Army and Air Force recruit in Group X and Y. Group ‘X’ Soldier/Airman/Sailor gets more allowances than Group Y candidates. There is about a 5-6K difference in the salary of Group X and Y soldiers.

You enjoy the flavors of both Soldier and Technician.  The Army/Navy/Air Force issue notifications to select diploma holders from time to time. After some years of service, you may apply to become a commissioned officer in defense. This must be remembered that a commissioned officer is a gazetted officer.

You can also apply for the junior engineer post in DRDO and MES. For Assistant Engineer, an engineering degree is a must. However, you should have a diploma in a specific trade/stream to apply for Junior engineering.

Career Questions (Engineering)

#1. How to join DRDO and ISRO after BTech?

To join DRDO and ISRO after B.Tech, you should

  • Prepare well for the GATE exam
  • Thereafter, get a good rank in the GATE exam
  • Furthermore, have at least 65% in your B.Tech
  • The age limit is between 21 to 35 years
  • Age relaxation for SC/ST/OBC category candidates
  • ISRO & DRDO conducts its own entrance exam
  • Finally, you need to pass an interview conducted by ISRO/DRDO

Generally, ISRO issues a notification in February month and conducts exam in April month.

DRDO issues a notification in May month and conducts exam in September month.

Normally, DRDO invites applications for the following posts

  • Scientists
  • Technical Staff
  • Admin & allied services
  • Research fellow

#2. What are the career options after BE in telecommunications?

You can apply for many government jobs.

  • IT officer in Bank through IBPS
  • Junior Staff Officer in Home Ministry
  • Engineer in PSUs
  • Assistant Engineer in government offices
  • SBI Probationary Officer, SBI Clerk
  • FCI (Manager)
  • SSC Combined Graduate Level Examination
  • SSC (Central Police Organisations)
  • Delhi/Kolkata/Noida Metro vacancies
  • Defense jobs like CDSE, AFCAT, EKT ARMY Direct Entry, etc.

#3. What is the age limit for IT Government Posts?

Normally, the age limit is 21 to 30 years for a fresher. For IBPS Specialist officer SCALE II, the age limit is 32 years. The maximum age limit for System Analysts or equal posts in the Central or State Government is 35 or 40 years.

#4. Government jobs for an experienced IT engineer?

There are many jobs in Banking Sector for expert techies. Banks issue recruitment notifications from time to time to select specialist officers in the IT stream. However, there are some regular jobs for Specialist Officers from IBPS.

  • Specialist Officer (IT) Scale I in Public Sector Bank:  age limit 30 years.
  • Specialist Officer (IT) SCALE II in Regional Rural Banks:  age limit 32 years.
  • Various public sector banks issue notifications for direct Scale-II or Scale-III officers.
  • Deputy Director (IT)/Programmer posts in many departments of State Governments.
  • Network Engineer/ Database Administrator/ System Administrator/ Web Designer in Universities.
  • Programming Officer/ Web Developer/ System Administrator / Database Administrator / Security Analysts in ONGC, BHEL, BEL, SAIL, NHPC.

#5. How to prepare for IBPS SO(IT) exam?

IBPS conducts the Scale I & II officer level exam for the specialist officer in IT. For Regional Rural Banks, it gives separate notifications. Keep the following points in mind for preparation for the SO (IT) exam.

1. Fully study General Awareness topics. Refer to last one-year Banking Services Chronicle magazine. A General Awareness score will help you to qualify for the overall cut-off.

2. Prepare for Mathematics, Reasoning, and English from popular study youtube channels like Study Smart and Study IQ.

3. For the preparation of professional knowledge, you must focus on the following topics:-

  • Database (SQL, PL/SQL, Types of the database)
  • Computer Networks (Network topology, LAN, WAN, MAN, Functions of the layers, Protocols in different network layers, Networking devices)
  • Operating System (OS Architecture, Processes, Process Management, File Systems, Boot Process, etc.  )
  • Important Commands of Linux
  • Cryptography (Public Key, Private Key, Digital Signatures)

Career Questions (General)

#1. Which is better, SSC CGL or Bank PO?

Both Jobs are good. Yes, the Bank PO job is full of work, but you get new buildings with AC to work. Moreover, the salary of Bank PO is more than one selected through SSC. Joining on SSC posts will make you work in old buildings, with old pattern fans on the roof. On the other hand, In SSC, you can become a gazetted officer. However, Bank PO is not a gazetted officer.

#2. What is the maximum salary of a Government Officer?

A government officer earns a handsome salary. Defense Officers are highly paid than IAS/IFS officers. Per the 7th pay commission, the highest basic pay is Rs. 2,50,000.  Officers also get Dearness Allowance, HRA, High altitude allowance, etc. Additionally, there are many allowances as per the place of posting.

A top-level government officer with basic pay of Rs. 2,50,000/-  has a gross salary of Rs. 4,00000/- per month. Not only do government officers get a good salary, but they also get facilities like bungalows, cars, etc.

#3. What are the examinations conducted by UPSC every year?

UPSC conducts an exam for a class I post in the central government. Class I posts include Assistant Commandant, Professor, Staff Officers, Scientists, Engineers, etc.

  • Civil Services Exam (IAS/IPS/IFS/IRS)
  • CDS
  • NDA
  • Special Recruitment Drives
  • Assistant Commandant in CRPF, BSF, SSB, ITBP & CISF

#4. How to get a government teacher job?

To get a government teacher job, you must know the following points.

  • Apply for the Teachers Eligibility Test, known as TET.
  • Each state conducts an eligibility test, like REET, or HTET.
  • For the HTET examination age limit is 18-42 years of age.
  • Age limits and other criteria differ from state to state.
  • You can appear for any exam of your state or central government.
  • To become a teacher in the central government, you can apply for the CTET examination, known as the Central Teacher Eligibility Test.
  • There is no upper age limit in the Central Teacher Eligibility Test. 
  • There is no upper age limit in the REET examination.
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