Career Questions of Engineering, Defence, General | Complete Guide

In the first place, everyone has career questions in one’s mind. After all, we are the only one who needs to worry about their career. So, career guidance on time is very much needed. Here, I have listed important career questions below.

Career quesions guide

Career Questions (Defence)

#1. How to become a Pilot in Indian Air Force

Firstly, it is one of the usually asked career questions. To become a Pilot in Indian Air Force, you should be 12th pass with Physics and Maths. Thereafter, you can apply for NDA exam. Even, candidates appearing in 12th class can apply for NDA. NDA stands for National Defence Academy. Then, you can apply for CDSE during and after graduation. CDSE stands for Combined Defence Services Examination.

Once you clear the written test, you have to go for SSB interview. SSB stands for Service Selection Boards. During the SSB interview, you need to pass a Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT). If you qualify PABT test, you are screened in. Thereafter, you have to undergo the full SSB interview process. Once you pass SSB, you go for Medical test. Finally, IAF issues the All India Merit List. Once you are in, you will go for training at the Air Force Academy.

#2. How can I join Indian Air Force?

IAF and UPSC conduct various tests. These tests are.

  • CDSE
  • NDA
  • EKT

Thereafter, you need to go for SSB interview and medical test.

#3 Is Navy MR a good job?

Full form of Navy MR is Matric Recruitment. At matric level Indian Navy selects Sailors. It is your own choice whether you like defence life or not. Starting salary of Navy MR is about Rs.27000/- in hand.

Navy MR job description includes living on a ship, doing trade duties etc. On the positive side, sailors often visit foreign countries. For a matric pass candidate, it is a very good career option.

#4. What jobs are there in the Defence sector for diploma holders?

Yes, as a diploma holder, you can join the defence. The Army and Air Force recruit in Group X and Y. Group ‘X’ Soldier/Airman/Sailor gets more allowances compared to Group Y candidates. There is about 5-6K difference in the salary of Group X and Y soldiers.

You enjoy the flavours of both Soldier and Technician.  The Army/Navy/Air Force issue notifications to select diploma holders from time to time. After some years of service, you may apply to become a commissioned officer in defence. This must be remembered that a commissioned officer is a gazetted officer.

You can also apply for junior engineer post in DRDO and MES. For Assistant Engineer, an engineering degree is a must. However, you should have a diploma in a specific trade/stream to apply for Junior Engineer.

Career Questions (Engineering)

#1. How to join DRDO and ISRO after BTech?

To join DRDO and ISRO after B.Tech, you should

  • Prepare well for GATE exam
  • Thereafter, get a good rank in GATE exam
  • Furthermore, have at least 65% in your B.Tech
  • Age limit between 21 to 35 years
  • Age relaxation for SC/ST/OBC category candidates
  • ISRO & DRDO conducts its own entrance exam
  • Finally, you need to pass an interview conducted by ISRO/DRDO

Generally, ISRO issues a notification in February month and conducts exam in April month.

DRDO issues a notification in May month and conducts exam in September month.

Normally, DRDO invites applications for the following posts

  • Scientists
  • Technical Staff
  • Admin & allied services
  • Research fellow

#2. What are the career options after BE in telecommunications?

You can apply for many government jobs.

  • IT officer in Bank through IBPS
  • Junior Staff Officer in Home ministry
  • Engineer in PSUs
  • Assistant Engineer in government offices
  • SBI Probationary Officer, SBI Clerk
  • FCI (Manager)
  • SSC Combined Graduate Level Examination
  • SSC (Central Police Organisations)
  • Delhi/Kolkata/Noida Metro vacancies
  • Defence jobs like CDSE, AFCAT, EKT ARMY Direct Entry etc.

#3. What is the age limit in IT Government Posts?

Normally, for a fresher, the age limit is 21 to 30 years. For IBPS Specialist officer SCALE II the age limit is 32 years. Maximum age limit for System Analyst or equal posts in Central or State Government 35 or 40 years.

#4. Government jobs for an experienced IT engineer?

There are many jobs in Banking Sector for expert techies. Banks issue recruitment notification from time to time to select specialist officers in IT stream. However, there are some regular jobs of Specialist Officers from IBPS.

  • Specialist Officer (IT) Scale I in Public Sector Bank:  age limit 30 years.
  • Specialist Officer (IT) SCALE II in Regional Rural Banks:  age limit 32 years.
  • Various public sector banks issue notification for direct Scale-II or Scale-III officer.
  • Deputy Director (IT)/Programmer posts in many departments of State Governments.
  • Network Engineer/ Database Administrator/ System Administrator/ Web Designer in Universities.
  • Programming Officer/ Web Developer/ System Administrator / Database Administrator / Security Analysts in ONGC, Coal India, BHEL, BEL, SAIL, NHPC.

#5. How to prepare for IBPS SO(IT) exam?

IBPS conducts the Scale I & II officer level exam for the specialist officer in IT. For Regional Rural Banks it gives separate notification. Keep following points in mind for preparation of SO (IT) exam.

1. Fully study about General Awareness topics. Refer last one-year Banking Services Chronicle magazine. General Awareness score will help you to qualify the overall cut off.

2. Prepare for Mathematics, Reasoning and English from popular study youtube channels like Study Smart and Study IQ.

3. For the preparation of professional knowledge, you must focus on the following topics:-

  • Database (SQL, PL/SQL, Types of the database)
  • Computer Networks (Network topology, LAN, WAN, MAN, Functions of the layers, Protocols in different network layers, Networking devices)
  • Operating System (OS Architecture, Processes, Process Management, File Systems, Boot Process etc.  )
  • Important Commands of Linux
  • Cryptography (Public Key, Private Key, Digital Signatures)

Career Questions (General)

#1. Which is better SSC CGL or Bank PO?

Both Jobs are good. Yes, Bank PO job is loaded with full work but you get new buildings with AC to work. Moreover, the salary of Bank PO is more than one who is selected through SSC. Joining on SSC posts will make you work in old buildings, with old pattern fans on the roof. On the other hand, In SSC you can become a gazetted officer. However, Bank PO is not a gazetted officer.

#2. What is the maximum salary of a Government Officer in India?

A government officer earns a handsome salary. Defence Officers are highly paid than IAS/IFS officers. As per 7th pay commission, the highest basic pay is Rs. 2,50,000.  Officers also get Dearness Allowance, HRA, High altitude allowance etc. Additionally, there are many allowances as per the place of posting.

A top-level government officer with basic pay Rs. 2,50,000/-  has a gross salary of Rs. 4,00000/- per month. Not only government officers get good salary but also get facilities like Bungalow, Car etc.

#3. What are the examinations conducted by UPSC every year?

UPSC conducts exam for a class I posts in central government. Class I posts include Assistant Commandant, Professor, Staff Officers, Scientists, Engineers etc.

  • Civil Services Exam (IAS/IPS/IFS/IRS)
  • Indian Engineering Services
  • CDSE
  • NDA
  • Special Recruitment Drives
  • Assistant Commandant in CRPF, BSF, SSB, ITBP & CISF

#4. How to get a government teacher job?

To get a government teacher job, you must know the following points.

  • Apply for Teachers Eligibility Test known as TET.
  • Each state conducts an eligibility test, like REET, HTET.
  • For HTET examination age limit is 18-42 years of age.
  • Age limit and other criteria differ from state to state.
  • You can appear for any exam of your state or central government.
  • To become a teacher in the central government, you can apply for CTET examination known as the Central Teacher Eligibility Test.
  • There is no upper age limit in the Central Teacher Eligibility Test. 
  • There is no upper age limit in REET examination.


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